F1 – Biogas plant with combined heat and power unit

Description:

Fuel consumption and emissions are to be reduced with the generation of heat and electricity as well as through the energetic use of the farmyard manure

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Production of renewable energy from biomass can save larger amounts of CO2 and CH4

How to get it done
What is to be done
The plant combination, organization, feasibility and profitability must be clarified for the respective region. Such a project has to be seen as regional initiative
Impact
High
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Demanding in terms of realisation and in terms of future operations. Needs to be a regional initiative
Roadmap and time horizon
5-10 years
Cost
Business plan to be developed per plant
Investment
A small heat and power unit starts at €5’000. Combined with a biogas plant cost between 250’000 and several millions are possible
Financing
Bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
High impact through savings of CO2 and CH4 coming from renewable energy production and better manure management
What to measure
Energy produced and energy production efficiency
How to measure
Amount of energy measured and tracking of farm operations to operate plant and the respective emissions created
Solution providers
Check for local providers
Farmer acceptance
Low (0% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020). Financial stimulus needed
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

F2 – Photovoltaics

Description:

Power generation through photovoltaics is intended to reduce the consumption of fossil raw materials and, accordingly, CO2 emissions

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Broadly applicable measure for the production of renewable energy and reduction of CO2 emissions

How to get it done
What is to be done
Carrying out a survey of potential and searching for partners / customers
Impact
Medium
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Needs planning and to get into local support schemes. Might be in conflict with local building code
Roadmap and time horizon
1-5 years
Cost
Business plan to be developed per plant and installation
Investment
There is an invest of €2000-3000 per kWP. Own consumption and use as well as support scheme needed to be profitable. In general bigger plants and installations are having a better ROI.
Financing
Bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes, crowd funding
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Medium impact through the production of renewable energy and reduction of CO2 emissions
What to measure
Energy produced
How to measure
Electricity and energy produced
Solution providers
Check for local providers and promotors such as Swissolar (www.swissolar.ch)
Farmer acceptance
Medium (24% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020). Financial stimulus and own consumption to be covered are needed
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

F3 – Energy wood (central heat plant)

Description:

Power generation through photovoltaics is intended to reduce the consumption of fossil raw materials and, accordingly, CO2 emissions

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Replacement of fossil fuels with firewood from own forest management

How to get it done
What is to be done
Examination of whether and how regional wood can be increasingly used for power and heat generation and which technical systems are suitable for this purpose
Impact
High
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Needs heat demand and replacement of oil heating in the area
Roadmap and time horizon
5-10 years
Cost
Business plan to be developed per plant and installation
Investment
There is an invest of min €30’000 for such a heating plant and can go into millions depending on size
Financing
Bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes, crowd funding
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
High impact through the replacement of fossil fuels with firewood from own forest management
What to measure
Energy produced
How to measure
Energy produced
Solution providers
Check for local providers such as Heitzmann (www.heitzmann.ch)
Farmer acceptance
Medium (24% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020). Energy demand and replacement of oil heating in region needed
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

F4 – Pyralysis Plant

Description:

Improvement of the calorific value of wood chips with lower CO2 emissions as well as production of plant charcoal as a C sink

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Replacement of fossil fuel and prerequisite for the production of plant carbon for long-term sequestration of CO2 in the soil

How to get it done
What is to be done
Plan facility with local architects. Get informed on plant and technology providers. Get ready to have biomass to be transformed. Look into markets to sell or use charcoal or biochar. Get all permits. Ensure financing
Impact
High
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Demanding in terms of realisation and in terms of future operations
Roadmap and time horizon
5-10 years
Cost
Running cost to maintain plant and operations to get and handle biomass
Investment
Plants cost between 250’000 – 600’000 without facility to be built that needs to include biomass handling, plant space, heat usage, heating network
Financing
Bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
High impact of charcoal production and its use as a carbon sink, feed additive and manure treatments as well as a sustainable source of energy to heat or drying products
What to measure
Carbon content of final product and energy production
How to measure
Amount of energy and charcoal/biochar produced
Solution providers
Biomacon (www.biomacon.com), 3R agrocarbon (www.3ragrocarbon.com), PYREG (www.pyreg.de)
Farmer acceptance
High (4% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020)
References
APD Auen Pflege Dienst AG with Biomacon-Plant (www.a-p-d.ch), HolzenergieGUT in Desibach