B1 – Efficiency gain through breeding and herd management


Higher efficiency through breeding and adapted herd management


  • CO2 ✔
  • N2O 
  • CH4 ✔
  • Energy (✔)
  • Resources ✔

What it does

Breeding measures and breed selection can minimize GHG emissions per kilogram of meat/milk

How to get it done

  • What is to be done:analyze GHG savings opportunities through breeding measures at the farm level
  • Impact:high
  • Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest:long-term and demanding. Potential conflict of interest with animal health and performance
  • Roadmap and time horizon:5-10 years
  • Cost:0 – 100 work days per year
  • Investment:in case of changing breed there might be an initial invest into a new breed. Also barn optimization might lead to investments
  • Financing:own ressources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes

How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to

  • Impact:reduction of all emissions in relation to yield realized
  • What to measure:grey energy, fuel, land use and GHG-emissions per living day and animal weight used to produce milk/meat
  • How to measure:animal days on farm to produce milk/meat, allocation of grey energy, fuel and land use to animal production
  • Solution providers:Lely Herd management (www.lely.com), GEA DairyPlan (www.gea.com), DeLaval DelPro (www.delaval.com), Herdenmanagement (nextfarming.de), Swissgenetics SmartCow (swissgenetics.ch/onlineservice/smartcow) and many more
  • Farmer acceptance:high (64% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020) with some questions on how this is different to normal good practices
  • References:AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)