A1 – Feed Planning

Description

Using the most climate-friendly feed composition of concentrates and roughage

Impact

  • CO2 
  • N2O 
  • CH4 ✔
  • Energy ✔
  • Resources ✔

What it does

The consumption of grey energy as well as methane emissions are reduced

How to get it done

  • What is to be done:examine which feed combinations are most climate-friendly across farms (knowledge transfer from science is needed)
  • Impact:medium/high (Global view)
  • Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest:medium
  • Roadmap and time horizon:up to 5 years to find new optimum
  • Cost:€250 for improved planning and risk exposure of around €80 – €130/ha
  • Investment:potential investment in machines for fodder harvesting
  • Financing:own resources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes

How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to

  • Impact:reduction of feed concentrate and feed additional purchase as well as use of grey energy
  • What to measure:feed concentrate use, feed purchase, grey energy use, feed per milk ratio and total
  • How to measure:feed concentrate purchases and stock, feed purchases and stock, yield measures through stock and sales volume. Grey energy with allocation of overall fuel and energy consumption
  • Solution providers:extension services, FiBL, HAFL
  • Farmer acceptance:medium (36% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020)
  • References: AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

A2 – Feed optimization

Description

Feeding adapted to the animal or group of animals saves resources at all stages of production

Impact

  • CO2 (✔)
  • N2O 
  • CH4 ✔
  • Energy (✔)
  • Resources ✔

What it does

Saving of grey energy as well as fuels in feed production

How to get it done

  • What is to be done:prepare differentiated feeding plans and use adapted feeding systems
  • Impact:medium/high (Global)
  • Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest:low (depending on investments needed for optimization)
  • Roadmap and time horizon:1-5 years to find a new optimum and even more if investments are needed
  • Cost:€250 for initial planning for average farm with quarterly updates
  • Investment:potential investment in barn and feeding systems
  • Financing:own resources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes

How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to

  • Impact:reduction of grey energy and fuel in feed production
  • What to measure:grey energy and fuel used for feed production as well as energy allocated to feed purchases
  • How to measure:grey energy directly used and allocated to feed production as well as fuel use and feed purchases per yield produced
  • Solution providers:extension services and feed consultant in combination with climate specialist
  • Farmer acceptance:low (<25% of farmers implemented measure). Can lead to substantial investments into barns and feeding systems
  • References: AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

A3 – Grazing

Description

Reduce the proportion of concentrated feed and increase the proportion of pasture in feeding

Impact

  • CO2 (✔)
  • N2O 
  • CH4 ✔
  • Energy ✔
  • Resources ✔

What it does

Increases the amount of grazing in feeding and reduces all inputs to transport feed to the cow as well as concentrated feed needed

How to get it done

  • What is to be done:incorporate a greater proportion of grazing into feeding schedules
  • Impact:low
  • Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest:easy to start with, but increased potential very resource intensive. Access to grazing areas nearby needed
  • Roadmap and time horizon:1 year
  • Cost:cost to get animals to grazing area and back as well as grazing area management. Savings in fodder conservation and management
  • Investment:pasture material
  • Financing:own resources

How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to

  • Impact:savings of grey energy as well as fuel in feed production. Improved animal health
  • What to measure:grey energy and fuel used for feed production as well as energy allocated to feed purchases
  • How to measure:grey energy directly used and allocated to feed production as well as fuel use and feed purchases per yield
  • Solution providers:extension services, Zaunteam (www.zaunteam.ch), Hauptner (www.hauptner.ch), Landi (www.landi.ch)
  • Farmer acceptance:low (<10% of farmers have implemented measure in AgroCO2ncept). Depends on accessibility to grazing sites nearby and to herd size. The bigger the herd the lower the acceptance
  • References: AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)