A1 – Feed Planning

Description:

Using the most climate-friendly feed composition of concentrates and roughage

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

The consumption of gray energy as well as methane emissions are reduced

 

How to get it done
What is to be done
Examine which feed combinations are most climate-friendly across farms (knowledge transfer from science is needed)
Impact
Medium/High (Global view)
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Medium
Roadmap and time horizon
up to 5 years to find new optimum
Cost
€250 for improved planning and risk exposure of around €80-130/ha
Investment
Potential invest in machines for fodder harvesting
Financing
Own resources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Reduction of feed concentrate and feed additional purchase as well as use of grey energy
What to measure
Feed concentrat use, feed purchase, grey energy use, feed per milk ratio and total
How to measure
Feed concentrate purchases and stock, feed purchases and stock, yield measures through stock and sales volume. Grey energy with allocation of overall fuel and energy consumption
Solution providers
Extension services, FiBL, HAFL
Farmer acceptance
Medium (36% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020)
References
AgroCO2ncept – www.agroco2ncept.ch

A2 – Feed optimization

Description:

Feeding adapted to the animal or group of animals saves resources at all stages of production

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Saving of gray energy as well as fuels in feed production

 

How to get it done
What is to be done
The preparation of differentiated feeding plans and the use of adapted feeding systems
Impact
Medium/High (Global)
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Low (depending on investments needed for optimization)
Roadmap and time horizon
1 year and up to 5 years to find new optimum and even more if investments needed
Cost
€250 for initial planning for average farm with quarterly updates
Investment
Potential invest in barn and feeding systems
Financing
Own resources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Reduction of grey energy and fuel in feed production
What to measure
Grey energy and fuel used for feed production as well as energy allocated to feed purchases
How to measure
Grey energy directly used and allocated to feed production as well as fuel use and feed purchases per yield produced
Solution providers
Extension services and feed consultant in combination with climate specialist
Farmer acceptance
Low – <25% of farmers implemented measure. Can lead to substantial investments into barns and feeding systems
References
AgroCO2ncept – www.agroco2ncept.ch

A3 – Grazing

Description:

Reduce the proportion of concentrated feed and increase the proportion of pasture in feeding

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Increases the amount of grazing in feeding and reduces all inputs to transport feed to the cow as well as concentrated feed needed

 

How to get it done
What is to be done
Incorporate a greater proportion of grazing into feeding schedules
Impact
Small
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Easy to start with, but increased potential very ressource intense. Access to grazing areas nearby needed
Roadmap and time horizon
1 year
Cost
Cost to get animals to grazing area and back as well as grazing area management. Saves in fodder conservation and management
Investment
Pasture material
Financing
Own ressources
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Saving of gray energy as well as fuels in feed production. Improved animal health
What to measure
Grey energy and fuel used for feed production as well as energy allocated to feed purchases
How to measure
Grey energy directly used and allocated to feed production as well as fuel use and feed purchases per yield produced
Solution providers
Extension Services, Zaunteam (www.zaunteam.ch), Hauptner (www.hauptner.ch), Landi (www.landi.ch)
Farmer acceptance
Low – <10% of farmers have implemented measure in AgroCO2ncept. Depends on accessibility to grazing sites nearby and to herd size. The bigger the herd the lower the acceptance
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)