E1 – Building insulation

Description:

Reduction of heat or cold losses through sealing and insulation measures to optimize the energy consumption of building heating/cooling

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Reduction of heating and cooling capacity and thus energy consumption and GHG emissions

 

How to get it done
What is to be done
If necessary, an investment and subsidy plan must be developed on a case-by-case basis
Impact
Medium
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Useful in case of upcoming building renovations. Financials need to pay off
Roadmap and time horizon
5-10 years
Cost
Interest rate and depreciation of investment
Investment
Case by case assessment
Financing
Own resources, Bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Medium impact through energy savings from heating/cooling
What to measure
Energy use for heating/cooling
How to measure
Specific electricity meter to measure savings
Solution providers
STO (www.sto.de)
Farmer acceptance
Low (10% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020). Only done in parallel with upcoming building renovations
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

E2 – General energy saving measures

Description:

Reduction of energy consumption through energy-efficient use of equipment

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Reduction of energy consumption and GHG emissions

 

How to get it done
What is to be done
Implementation of a technical consultation and detailed planning on the farm. Replacement of potential tools, devices, lamps to lower energy consumption
Impact
Small
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Easy to start with and no conflict of interest
Roadmap and time horizon
1 year
Cost
Tool replacements
Investment
None
Financing
Own resources
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Small impact through energy savings from lamps, tools and devices
What to measure
Energy use
How to measure
Specific electricity meter to measure savings
Solution providers
local energy provider
Farmer acceptance
Medium (43% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020).
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

E3 – Energy-efficient tanks and plants, waste heat recovery

Description:

Energy is saved through the use of efficient equipment that is optimized, for example, in terms of heat recovery (water boilers, milk cooling, grinders, etc.)

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Reduction of energy consumption and GHG emissions

 

How to get it done
What is to be done
All production systems and their elements are reviewed and optimized or replaced if necessary
Impact
Small
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Changes need to be financially viable
Roadmap and time horizon
1-5 years
Cost
Replacement of production systems and their elements
Investment
Case by case assessment
Financing
Own resources, Bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Small impact through energy savings from production systems
What to measure
Energy use
How to measure
Specific electricity meter to measure savings
Solution providers
local energy provider
Farmer acceptance
Low to Medium (14% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020). Acceptance high in case of replacement of production system
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

E4 – Consumption-efficient machines

Description:

Use of fuel-efficient machines and vehicles saves fuel (e.g. cutter bar instead of rotary mower)

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Reduction of energy consumption and GHG emissions

 

How to get it done
What is to be done
To save fuel, machines and vehicles are checked for their consumption efficiency and optimized
Impact
Small
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Changes need to be financially viable
Roadmap and time horizon
5-10 years
Cost
Replacement of machines and vehicles with interest rates and depreciation
Investment
Case by case assessment
Financing
Own resources, Bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Small impact through fuel and energy savings from machines and vehicules
What to measure
Fuel and energy (electric replacement) use
How to measure
Fuel use and specific electricity meter to measure savings
Solution providers
Machinery producers and local energy provider
Farmer acceptance
Medium (19% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020). Acceptance high in case of replacement of machines and vehicules
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

E5 – Shared use and maintenance of machines

Description:

Optimum utilization (including inter-company use) and regular maintenance will reduce fuel consumption and the amount of exhaust gas

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

The reduction in fuel consumption leads to fewer exhaust gases and the higher utilization rate reduces the amount of gray energy used per operation coming from machinery manufacturing

 

How to get it done
What is to be done
The machines / equipment are regularly maintained and optimally adjusted, and the use is logistically optimal and inter-company wise organized
Impact
Small
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Inter-company work not always easy and can lead to conflicts
Roadmap and time horizon
1-5 years
Cost
Lower cost through lower fix cost from higher utilisation rate as well as from lower fuel consumption (better maintained and more efficient machines)
Investment
Case by case assessment
Financing
Own resources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Small impact through fuel savings as well as lower amount of gray energy from machines
What to measure
Fuel and energy (electric replacement) use as well as gray energy from machinery production
How to measure
Fuel use and specific electricity meter to measure savings and bilancing of gray energy from machinery production
Solution providers
Machinery producers and local energy provider
Farmer acceptance
High (95% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020)
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

E6 – Bundling of work processes and processing of large quantities

Description:

Increased efficiency through processing of large quantities or large-scale cultivation (e.g. through inter-farm cooperation)

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Optimization of fuel and energy consumption

 

How to get it done
What is to be done
The companies are examining the processing of larger quantities as well as the possibilities for further inter-company cooperations
Impact
Medium
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Inter-company work not always easy and can lead to conflicts
Roadmap and time horizon
1-5 years
Cost
Lower cost through lower fix cost from higher utilisation rates and higher efficiency
Investment
Case by case assessment
Financing
Own resources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Small impact through optimization of fuel and energy consumption
What to measure
Fuel and energy use
How to measure
Fuel use and specific electricity meter to measure savings
Solution providers
Machinery producers and local energy provider
Farmer acceptance
Medium (33% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020)
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

E7 – Reduction of transportation

Description:

Reduction of transportation through transport of larger quantities (harvest, waste, feed, etc.) per trip

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Optimization of fuel and energy consumption as well as resource efficiency

 

How to get it done
What is to be done
Transport logistics are optimized primarily through inter-company cooperation
Impact
Small
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Inter-company work not always easy and can lead to conflicts
Roadmap and time horizon
1 year
Cost
Lower cost through higher efficiency
Investment
Case by case assessment
Financing
Own resources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Small impact through optimization of fuel and energy consumption as well as increased resource efficiency
What to measure
Fuel and energy use, number of trips and gray energy saved
How to measure
Fuel use and specific electricity meter to measure savings. Data logger to log number of trips. Gray energy bilancing from machinery reduction
Solution providers
Machinery producers and local energy providers as well as FMIS providers for data loggers like f.e. Hansenhof (www.hansenhof.de)
Farmer acceptance
Medium (24% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020)
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

E8 – Waste recycling, targeted and separate disposal

Description:

Resources are to be recycled in a targeted manner in order to reduce the amount of energy used in production

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Reduction of gray energy for product manufacturing

 

How to get it done
What is to be done
The central collection of waste – especially silo foils – is examined and organized
Impact
Small
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
None visible
Roadmap and time horizon
1 year
Cost
Slightly higher manpower to separate and recycle waste
Investment
Few € to buy and install necessary installations
Financing
Own resources
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Small impact through the reduction of gray energy for product manufacturing
What to measure
Number of recycled materials and wate quantities
How to measure
Record number of recycled materials and quantities
Solution providers
Check with local recycling companies
Farmer acceptance
Medium (33% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020). Needs regional approaches and involvement of communities
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

E9 – Reduction and substitution in material use

Description:

Resources are to be used more efficiently, recycled several times and replaced by regenerative resources

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Reduction of gray energy for product manufacturing

 

How to get it done
What is to be done
With expert support, the replacement in material consumption is optimized
Impact
Small
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
There are trade offs like f.e. lightweight wine bottles or organic packaging vs. customer perception
Roadmap and time horizon
1 year
Cost
Can be lower or higher depending on choices
Investment
No substantial invests
Financing
Own resources
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Small impact through the reduction of gray energy for product manufacturing
What to measure
Estimate of reduced gray energy based on product weight and bilan
How to measure
Record weight and gray energy declared
Solution providers
Check with local companies
Farmer acceptance
Low to Medium (5% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept but 100% of wine farmers have implement measures by 2020). Measures implemented are lightweight wine bottles
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)