C1 – Liquid manure management

Description

Reduction of nitrous oxide emissions through the use of liquid manure systems (slider or slatted systems)

Impact

  • CO2 
  • N2O ✔
  • CH4 
  • Energy 
  • Resources 

What it does

Reduction of nitrous oxide release by reducing the nitrification and denitrification processes in manure, and humus buildup through the use of manure fertilizer

How to get it done

  • What is to be done:incorporate useful liquid manure systems into the entire chain of action of storage, application and soil cycle
  • Impact:low
  • Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest:adoption of barns and installations are costly
  • Roadmap and time horizon:1-5 years
  • Cost:no additional operational cost
  • Investment:installations and barns can range from a few euros to significant numbers
  • Financing:own resources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes

How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to

  • Impact:reduction of nitrous oxide release by reducing the nitrification and denitrification processes
  • What to measure:change of installations and respective reduction of nitrous oxide
  • How to measure:compare reduction measures in tools such as ACCT, Cool Farm Tool, SimeosAMG, Comet farm
  • Solution providers:Lely (www.lely.com), DeLaval (www.delaval.com), Schauer (www.schauer-agrotronic.com), Local barn construction companies
  • Farmer acceptance:medium (29% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020)
  • References:AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

C2 – Reduction of dirty areas

Description

Reduction of nitrous oxide emissions by reducing polluted areas (limiting pollutable areas)

Impact

  • CO2 
  • N2O ✔
  • CH4 
  • Energy 
  • Resources 

What it does

Reduction of ammonia formation and nitrification and denitrification processes in manure to reduce nitrous oxide release

How to get it done

  • What is to be done:flexibly adapt the treads to the animal numbers and reduce the dirty areas with improved management and robotics
  • Impact:low
  • Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest:can conflict with animal welfare. Might be improved with robotics
  • Roadmap and time horizon:1 year
  • Cost:labour for herd size dependent thread management
  • Investment:few hundred € up to €10K for robotic solutions
  • Financing:own resources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes

How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to

  • Impact:reduction of ammonia formation and nitrification and denitrification processes in manure to reduce nitrous oxide release on clean or smaller treads
  • What to measure:size of treads in relation to herd size. Cleaning routines and soiling of areas
  • How to measure:modelling of emissions and measuring of dirty areas and their level of cleanness over time
  • Solution providers:Lely (www.lely.com), DeLaval (www.delaval.com), Schauer (www.www.schauer-agrotronic.com), Local barn construction companies
  • Farmer acceptance:medium (43% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020)
  • References:AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

C3 – Barn climate

Description

Creating a cooler barn climate slows microbial processes that lead to nitrous oxide production

Impact

  • CO2 
  • N2O ✔
  • CH4 ✔
  • Energy 
  • Resources 

What it does

Reduction of methane formation in manure as well as reduction of nitrous oxide

How to get it done

  • What is to be done:install passive cooling systems (ventilation, shading, insulation) and test for practicality
  • Impact:low
  • Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest:adoption of barns and installations are cost intense. Other quick fixes might need energy or/and water
  • Roadmap and time horizon:1 year for quick wins
  • Cost:no additional operational costs in case of passive cooling. In case of active measures there are water and/or energy costs
  • Investment:a few euros to substantial numbers depending on what measures need to be achieved to ensure a cool barn climate
  • Financing:own resources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes

How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to

  • Impact:impact results from reduced methane and nitrous oxide emissions through a cool barn climate that will potentially also lead to yield increases
  • What to measure:barn temperature and humidity over time and yield of milk/meat produced
  • How to measure:install thermometer and humidity sensor and model emissions according to temperature
  • Solution providers:local barn construction companies, CowKühlerz (www.cowkuhlerz.com), Farmtek (www.farmtek.com), Huesker (www.huesker.de/produkte/agrar)
  • Farmer acceptance:medium (43% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020)
  • References:AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)