C1 – Liquid manure management

Description:

Reduction of nitrous oxide emissions through the use of liquid manure systems (slider or slatted systems)

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Reduction of nitrous oxide release by reducing the nitrification and denitrification processes in manure, and humus buildup through the use of manure fertilizer

 

How to get it done
What is to be done
Useful incorporation of liquid manure systems into the entire chain of action of storage, application and soil cycle
Impact
Small
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Adoption of barns and installations are cost intense
Roadmap and time horizon
1-5 years
Cost
No additional running cost
Investment
Investments into installations and barns can range from a few € to substantial numbers
Financing
Own resources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Reduction of nitrous oxide release by reducing the nitrification and denitrification processes
What to measure
Change of installations and respective numbers in reduction of nitrous oxide
How to measure
Compare reduction measures in tools such as ACCT, Cool Farm Tool, SimeosAMG, Comet farm
Solution providers
Lely (www.lely.com), DeLaval (www.delaval.com), Schauer (www.www.schauer-agrotronic.com), Local barn construction companies
Farmer acceptance
Medium (29% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020)
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

C2 – Reduction of dirty areas

Description:

Reduction of nitrous oxide emissions by reducing polluted areas (limiting pollutable areas)

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Reduction of ammonia formation and nitrification and denitrification processes in manure to reduce nitrous oxide release

How to get it done
What is to be done
Flexible adaptation of the treads to the effective animal numbers and reduction of dirty areas with improved management and robotics
Impact
Small
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Can conflict with animal welfare. Might be improved with robotics
Roadmap and time horizon
1 year
Cost
Labour for herd size dependent thread management
Investment
Investments into installations of a few hundred € up to 10k for robotic solutions
Financing
Own resources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Reduction of ammonia formation and nitrification and denitrification processes in manure to reduce nitrous oxide release on clean or smaller treads
What to measure
Size of treads in relation to herd size. Cleaning routines and soiling of areas
How to measure
Modelling of emissions and measuring of dirty areas and their level of cleanness over time
Solution providers
Lely (www.lely.com), DeLaval (www.delaval.com), Schauer (www.www.schauer-agrotronic.com), Local barn construction companies
Farmer acceptance
Medium (43% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020)
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)

C3 – Barn climate

Description:

Creating a cooler barn climate slows microbial processes that lead to nitrous oxide production

Impact
CO2
N2O
CH4
Energy
Resources

What it does:

Reduction of methane formation in manure as well as reduction of nitrous oxide

How to get it done
What is to be done
Installation of passive cooling systems (ventilation, shading, insulation) and testing for practicality
Impact
Small
Potential to be realised and possible conflict of interest
Adoption of barns and installations are cost intense. Other quick fixes might need energy or/and water
Roadmap and time horizon
1 year for quick wins
Cost
In case of passive cooling – No additional running cost. In case of active measures there will be cost of water and/or energy
Investment
Investments into installations and barns can range from a few € to substantial numbers depending on what measures need to be achieved to ensure a cool barn climate
Financing
Own resources, bank loan, agricultural investment funds, national schemes
How to measure, assess impact and whom to talk to
Impact
Impact is coming from reduced methane and nitrous oxide emissions through a cool barn climate that will potentially also lead to yield increases
What to measure
Barn temperature and humidity over time and yield of milk/meat produced
How to measure
Install thermometer and humidity sensor and model emissions according to temperature
Solution providers
Local barn construction companies, CowKühlerz (www.cowkuhlerz.com), Farmtek (www.farmtek.com), Huesker (www.huesker.de/produkte/agrar)
Farmer acceptance
Medium (43% of farmers in AgroCO2ncept have implement measures by 2020)
References
AgroCO2ncept (www.agroco2ncept.ch)